Тусгаар тогтносон улсуудын жагсаалт

Чөлөөт нэвтэрхий толь, Википедиагаас
Харайх: Удирдах, Хайлт

Энэ жагсаалтанд нийт 203 улс орнууд багтсан. Жагсаалтанд шалгаруулсан гол шалгуур нь Олон Улсын Хуулийн томьёоллын дагуу Улсыг зарлан тунхаглах дараах шалгууруудыг хангасан улсуудыг багтаасан: 1. Байнгын иргэдтэй, 2. Тогтоосон газар нутагтай, 3. Засгийн газартай, 4. Бусад орнуудтай харилцаа тогтоох чадвартай байх;


Улсууд[засварлах]

Short and formal names Membership within the UN System [Note 1] Sovereignty dispute [Note 2] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty [Note 4]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZUN member states or observer states A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Albania.svg Albania – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentAndorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed by the Holy See.

Flag of Angola.svg Angola – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentAntigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[Note 6][3]

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina – Argentine Republic [Note 7] A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentArgentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom.[4] Argentina claims Argentine Antarctica as part of its national territory, officially a department of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, which overlaps with the claims of the UK and Chile.[Note 8][5]

Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia – Republic of Armenia A UN member state Not recognised by Pakistan[6][7]

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Australia.svg Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentAustralia is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:

Flag of Austria.svg Austria – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Austria is a federation of 9 states (Bundesländer).

Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentAzerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note 6] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established.

Загвар:Country data Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentThe Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBarbados is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.

Flag of Belize.svg Belize A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBelize is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Benin.svg Benin – Republic of Benin [Note 9] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[Note 10]

Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBrazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.

Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBrunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]

Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso [Note 12] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar [Note 13][9] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Canada.svg Canada [Note 14] A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentCanada is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Chad.svg Chad – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Chile.svg Chile – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentEaster Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.[Note 8]

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China – People's Republic of China[Note 15] A UN member state Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentThe People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[Note 6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China is not recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise Taiwan (the Republic of China).[Note 16]

China claims, but does not control, the de facto independent Taiwan,[Note 17] and the Indian-controlled South Tibet. India claims the Chinese-controlled Aksai Chin.[Note 18] China has some control over the disputed Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11]

China, Republic of → Taiwan A UN member state A None
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent The Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank are under various claims by Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the United States.[4]

Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentComoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, part of France, as a fourth.[Note 20][10] Comoros also disputes French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser.[4]

Загвар:Country data Congo, Democratic Republic of the [Note 21] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Загвар:Country data Congo, Republic of the [Note 22] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognised by Turkey and Northern Cyprus

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus".[11]

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic [Note 23] A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the A UN member state A None
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:

Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [Note 24] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentEthiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.

Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentFiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[Note 6][12][13]

Flag of Finland.svg Finland – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of France.svg France – French Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) are full, integral parts of France.

The French Republic also includes the overseas territories of:

Clipperton Island is a possession of the government. French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.[4]

Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Gambia Загвар:Country data Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentGeorgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia.[Note 6] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.

Flag of Germany.svg Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).

Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Greece.svg Greece – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[14]

Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentGrenada is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea – Republic of Guinea[Note 26] A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentAll land west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela.[4]

Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Holy See → Vatican City A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland – Republic of Iceland A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of India.svg India – Republic of India A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentIndia is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories. Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China.[4] India claims sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir, but administers only part of it as the federated state of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 18]

Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentIndonesia has 3 provinces with official special autonomy status: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Papua, and West Papua.[Note 6]

Flag of Iran.svg Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentIraq is a federation[Note 20][15] of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[Note 6]

Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland [Note 27] A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] The Constitution of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a United Ireland by peaceful means.[16]

Flag of Israel.svg Israel – State of Israel A UN member state Not recognised by 33 states

Загвар:ExtentIn 1967, Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.[17] These areas are not internationally-recognised as being part of Israel.[4] Israel no longer has a permanent military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still considered the occupying power under international law.[18][19][20][21][22] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.

Flag of Italy.svg Italy – Italian Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[Note 6]

Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentJamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Japan.svg Japan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentJapan disputes Russian administration of the South Kuril Islands.

Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Kiribati.svg Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Загвар:Country data Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentNorth Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note 28][23]

Flag of South Korea.svg Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentSouth Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do.[Note 6][24] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note 28]

ZZZKosovo → Kosovo A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Laos.svg Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Libya.svg Libya – State of Libya A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentBecause of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".

Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMadagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.[4]

Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMalaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]

Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Mali.svg Mali – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Malta.svg Malta – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentUnder Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note 6] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[4]

Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico – United Mexican States A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.

Загвар:Country data Micronesia, Federated States of A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentUnder Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.

Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMoldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.

Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMorocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla and the "Plazas de soberanía".[4]

Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Myanmar → Burma A UN member state A None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh A UN member state A None
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Nauru.svg Nauru – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentNepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.

Загвар:Country data Kingdom of the Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:

The monarch and his ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of its constituent country, the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentNew Zealand is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and has responsibilities for (but has no sovereignty over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 31 and 6 UN members respectively.[25][26][27] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[28] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

New Zealand has the dependent territories of:

The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part of American Samoa, a territory of the United States.[29] New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.[30]

Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentClaims the San Andrés archipelago, part of Colombian territorial waters Nicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note 6]

Flag of Niger.svg Niger – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentNigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.

ZZZNiue → Niue A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus A UN member state A None
North Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None
Flag of Norway.svg Norway – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Norway has the dependent territories of:

Flag of Oman.svg Oman – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentPakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[31][32] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[33][34] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note 18]

Flag of Palau.svg Palau – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentUnder Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Загвар:Country data State of Palestine – State of Palestine A UN observer state; member of UNESCO Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentThe declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from Загвар:Numrec states.[35] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed.[36] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[37] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[38] and an observer state in the UN.

Flag of Panama.svg Panama – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentPapua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[Note 6]

Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Peru.svg Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentThe Philippines contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[Note 6] There has been efforts to establish the Cordillera Administrative Region as an autonomous region as well, however in the last referendum of 1998, the people of the Cordillera region voted against the proposition. The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and claims sovereignty over Sabah, which is part of Malaysia.[4]

Flag of Poland.svg Poland – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[Note 6] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.[4]

Pridnestrovie → Transnistria A UN member state A None
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar – State of Qatar A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Republic of Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the A UN member state A None
Flag of Romania.svg Romania A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Russia.svg Russia – Russian Federation A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentRussia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[Note 6] Sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.

Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSaint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and is a federation [Note 20] of 14 parishes.

Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSaint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSaint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Samoa.svg Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSão Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note 6]

Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSerbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[Note 6] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.

Flag of Seychelles.svg Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSeychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory.[4]

Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentThe Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSomalia is presently divided with its official government (TFG) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the TFG does not recognise),[39]Загвар:Request quotation while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.

ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland A UN member state A None
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

South Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A UN member state A None
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSouth Sudan is a federation of 10 states. Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.[4]

Flag of Spain.svg Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities.[Note 6] Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.[4]

Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentFormerly known as Ceylon.

Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.

ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A UN member state A None
Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Swaziland.svg Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3]

Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentSwitzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.

Flag of Syria.svg Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentIsrael occupies the Golan Heights.[17]

ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan A UN member state A None
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentTajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[Note 6]

Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentTanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[Note 6]

Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Timor-Leste → East Timor A UN member state A None
Flag of Togo.svg Togo – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Tonga.svg Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria A UN member state A None
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentTrinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note 6]

Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentTuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]

Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentUkraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.[Note 6]

Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentThe United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentMember of the EU.[Note 3] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

Flag of the United States.svg United States – United States of America A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentThe United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

The United States asserts claims to Colombian-controlled Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank.[4]

Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentUzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[Note 6]

Flag of Vanuatu.svg Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City – Vatican City State A UN observer state; member of multiple UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None

Загвар:ExtentAdministered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states.[40] The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[37] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.

Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentVenezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.

Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None

Загвар:ExtentVietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11][4]

Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None

Загвар:Extent

ZZZUN member states and observer states A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
Flag of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentRecognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Tuvalu,[41] Venezuela,[42] South Ossetia and Transnistria.[43] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

Flag of the Cook Islands.svg Cook Islands D Member of multiple UN specialized agencies A None

Загвар:ExtentA state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands has diplomatic relations with 33 other states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[28] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.

Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of the IMF and WBG Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentKosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has Загвар:Numrec and Taiwan. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.

Загвар:Country data Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentA de facto independent state,[44][45] recognised only by Abkhazia,[46] South Ossetia[46] and Transnistria.[46][47] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[48]

Flag of Niue.svg Niue D Member of multiple UN specialized agencies A None

Загвар:ExtentA state in free association with New Zealand, Niue has relations with eight other states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[28] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.

Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Claimed by Cyprus

Загвар:Extent Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit.[Эх сурвалжийг дурьдах шаардлагатай] Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[49]

Загвар:Country data Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentRecognised by Загвар:Numrec, Загвар:Numrec of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.

Flag of Somaliland.svg Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentA de facto independent state,[50][51][52] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[53]

Загвар:Country data South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentA de facto independent state,[54] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[42] Abkhazia and Transnistria.[43] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[55]

Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan – Republic of China[Note 15] D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentA state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[56] The Republic of China is recognised by Загвар:Numrec. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 17] The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.

Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldavian Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester) D No membership Загвар:Claimedby

Загвар:ExtentA de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[43] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[57]

ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ

Бусад үзэх[засварлах]


Эшлэл[засварлах]

  1. Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named unms
  2. "Andorra country profile", BBC News. 8 November 2011-нд авсан. 
  3. Government of Antigua and Barbuda. Chapter 44: The Barbuda Local Government Act. Laws of Antigua and Barbuda. 2010-11-10-д хандсан.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Disputes – International. CIA World Factbook. 8 November 2011-д хандсан.
  5. Government of the United States, Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1989). Polar prospects: a minerals treaty for Antarctica. United States Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-1-4289-2232-7.  "Mutual recognition of claims has been limited to Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom ... Chile and Argentina do not recognize each other's claims ..."
  6. Pakistan Worldview – Report 21 – Visit to Azerbaijan Senate of Pakistan — Senate foreign relations committee, 2008
  7. Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country" 13 September 2006 [14:03] – Today.Az
  8. Europa, retrieved 28 February 2011
  9. "Myanmar gets new flag, official name, anthem", Reuters, 21 October 2010. 22 October 2010-нд авсан. 
  10. Constitution of Comoros, Art. 1.
  11. See Republic of Turkey Ministry for European Union Affairs Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  12. (1927) “Rotuma Act”, Laws of Fiji, 1978, Government of Fiji. Retrieved on 2010-07-10. Загвар:Dead link
  13. Government of Fiji, Office of the Prime Minister (1978). Chapter 122: Rotuma Act. Laws of Fiji. University of the South Pacific. 2010-11-10-д хандсан.
  14. Constitution of Greece, Art. 105.
  15. Source: Iraqi constitution
  16. Constitution of Ireland – Burnreacht na hÉireann. Government of Ireland. the original on 21 July 2011-с архивлагдсан. 8 November 2011-д хандсан. “Article 3: It is the firm will of the Irish Nation...to unite all the people who share the territory of the island of Ireland...recognising that a united Ireland shall be brought about only by peaceful means”
  17. 17.0 17.1 Occupied territory:
  18. Gold, Dore; Institute for Contemporary Affairs (26 August 2005). Legal Acrobatics: The Palestinian Claim that Gaza is Still "Occupied" Even After Israel Withdraws. Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 5, No. 3. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  19. Bell, Abraham (28 January 2008). International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense. Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 7, No. 29. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  20. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel (22 January 2008), "Address by Foreign Minister Livni to the 8th Herzliya Conference", <http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Government/Speeches+by+Israeli+leaders/2008/Address+by+FM+Livni+to+the+8th+Herzliya+Conference+22-Jan-2008.htm?DisplayMode=print> (retrieved on 2010-07-16)
  21. Salih, Zak M. (17 November 2005). Panelists Disagree Over Gaza's Occupation Status. University of Virginia School of Law. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  22. Israel: 'Disengagement' Will Not End Gaza Occupation. Human Rights Watch (29 October 2004). 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  23. Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea. 2008-10-27-д хандсан.
  24. Keun Min. Greetings. Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. 2010-11-10-д хандсан.
  25. Federal Foreign Office of Germany (November 2009). Beziehungen zu Deutschland. Government of Germany. 2010-07-16-д хандсан. For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands.
  26. China Internet Information Centre (13 December 2007). Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Niue. Xinhua News Agency. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  27. Republic of Nauru Permanent Mission to the United Nations. Foreign Affairs. United Nations. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 http://untreaty.un.org/cod/repertory/art102/english/rep_supp8_vol6-art102_e_advance.pdf
  29. Radio New Zealand International (26 March 2007). American Samoa governor ready to resist Tokelau's claim to Swains Island. Radio New Zealand Ltd. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  30. Government of New Zealand; Government of Tokelau (8 October 2007). Draft Constitution of Tokelau – English. New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade. 2010-07-16-д хандсан.
  31. Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1.
  32. Aslam, Tasnim. "'Pakistan Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...'", The Outlook Group, 11 December 2006 
  33. Williams, Kristen P. (2001). Despite nationalist conflicts: theory and practice of maintaining world peace. Greenwood Publishing Group, 154–155. ISBN 978-0-275-96934-9. 
  34. Pruthi, R.K. (2001). An Encyclopaedic Survey Of Global Terrorism In 21St Century. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd., 120–121. ISBN 978-81-261-1091-9. 
  35. Palestine Liberation Organization. Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission. Negotiations Affairs Department. 2011-07-28-д хандсан.
  36. See the following on statehood criteria:
  37. 37.0 37.1 Non-member States and Entities. United Nations (29 February 2008). 30 August 2010-д хандсан.
  38. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Arab States: Palestine. United Nations. 3 December 2011-д хандсан.
  39. Weller, Marc; Nobbs, Katherine (2010). Asymmetric Autonomy and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts. Philadelphia, United States: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-4230-0. 
  40. Bilateral relations of the Holy See. Holy See website. 2012-06-05-д хандсан.
  41. On the establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Abkhazia and Tuvalu. | The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Abkhazia. Mfaabkhazia.net. 2011-12-18-д хандсан.
  42. 42.0 42.1 "Chavez Backs Abkhazia, South Ossetia", 27 July 2010. 5 June 2011-нд авсан. 
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же (Russian). newsru.com (2006-11-17). 2011-06-05-д хандсан.
  44. Krüger, Heiko (2010). The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-11787-9. 
  45. Nikoghosyan, Hovhannes. "Kosovo ruling implications for Armenia and Azerbaijan", Hareyan Publishing, LLC. 2011-04-17-нд авсан. 
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он."
  47. In detail: The foreign policy of Pridnestrovie. Pridnestrovie (2010-05-26). 2010-06-29-д хандсан.
  48. See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  49. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  50. International Crisis Group (23 May 2006). "Somaliland: Time for African Union leadership". Africa Report (110): 10–13. Retrieved on 2011-04-19.
  51. Mesfin, Berouk (September 2009). "The political development of Somaliland and its conflict with Puntland". ISS Paper (200). Retrieved on 2011-04-19.
  52. Arieff, Alexis. "De Facto Statehood? The Strange Case of Somaliland". Yale Journal of International Affairs (Spring/Summer 2008). Retrieved on 2011-04-17.
  53. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  54. Jansen, Dinah (2009). "The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm". Geopolitics vs. Global Governance: Reinterpreting International Security: 222–242.
  55. "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions", Cable News Network, 2008-08-26. 2008-08-26-нд авсан. 
  56. "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview", Taipei Times, 2008-10-08 
  57. 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.

Эх сурвалж[засварлах]


Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: <ref> tags exist for a group named "Note", but no corresponding <references group="Note"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing