Хэлэлцүүлэг:Төвөд

Чөлөөт нэвтэрхий толь — Википедиагаас
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             To 1959

579 - 842 Kingdom of Tibet 842 - 1244 State fragmented 1244 - 1249 Mongol Rule 1249 - 1642 Tibetan Khanate, under Mongol suzerainty until 1358 24 Sep 1720 Under Chinese suzerainty 24 Sep 1740 Kingdom of Tibet

      1750               Secular rule tranfered to the Dalai Lama, Lamarist State

24 Apr 1906 Chinese suzerainty recognised by Britain 28 Oct 1912 - 07 Oct 1950 Nominally independence

      1912               Qinghai region claimed by Tibet but adminstered by China

07 Oct 1950 Occupied by China 23 May 1951 - Annexed by China, Tibetan Autonomous Region see here: 01 May 1960 - Government in exile formed in India, see here:

Government: None, Occupied state Capital: Lhasa Language: Tibetan Religion: Buddhism, Islam, Bon National Anthem: "Gyallu" National Emblem: Snow Lion National Day: Dalai Lhama's Birthday, 6th July (1935). National Motto: None Currency: Tibetan Rupee

Monarchs 579-619 Yarlung, Mulong Konpa Trashi 619-649 Yarlung, Song Tsen Gampo 649-704 Yarlung, Man Song Mang-Tsen 674-704 Yarlung, Du Song Mang Po Je 704-754 Yarlung, Tri de Tsung ten 754-797 Yarlung, Tri Song De Tsen 797-800 Yarlung, Mu ne Tsen Po 800-815 Yarlung, Tri de Song Tsen 815-838 Yarlung, Tri Tsug De Tsen 838-842 Yarlung, Lang Darma 1249-1253 Sakya Pandita 1253-1280 Phagpa 1280-1282 Rinchen 1282-1287 Dharmapalrakshita 1287-1295 Yeshe Rinchen 1295-1303 Tragpa Osen 1303-1304 Richen Gyantsen 1304-1314 Dorje Pal 1314-1316 Sangye Pal 1316-1327 Kunga Lotrol 1327-1330 Kunga Lekpa Chungne 1330-1358 Kunga Gyantsen 1350 - 1364 Phagmodrupa, Tai Situ Chang Chub Gyaltsen 1364 - 1373 Phagmodrupa, Jamyang Sakya Gyantsen 1373 - 1381 Phagmodrupa, Drakpa Chang Chub 1381 - 1385 Phagmodrupa, Sonam Tralepa 1443 - 1465 Phagmodrupa, Trakpa Chungne 1465 - 1481 Phagmodrupa, Sangpa Gyantesen Pal Zangpo 1435 - 1466 Rinpungpa, Norzang 1466 - 1480 Rinpungpa, Kunzang 1480 - 1512 Rinpungpa, Donyo Dorje 1512 - 1550 Rinpungpa, Ngawang Namgal 1550 - 1559 Rinpungpa, Dondup Tseten Dorje 1559 - 1565 Rinpungpa, Ngawang Jigme Drakpa 1565 - 1582 Tsang, Karma Tseten 1582 - 1592 Tsang, Karma Thutob Namgyal 1582 - 1589 Tsang, Khunpang Lhawang Dorje 1592 - 1603 Tsang, Karma Temsung 1603 - 1620 Tsang, Karma Phuntso Namgye 1620 - 1642 Tsang, Karma Tenkyong

      1642 - 14 Jan 1655 Khoshut, Güshi Khan

1656 - 1669 Khoshut, Dayan Khan 1669 - 1698 Khoshut,Gonchug Dalai Khan 1701 - 1703 Khoshut, Vangjal

      1703 - 02 Dec 1717 Khoshut, 'Lha-bzang Khan

02 Dec 1717 - 24 Sep 1720 sTag-rtse-pa lha-rgyal-rab-brtan

      1728 - 12 Mar 1747 Miwang Pholhanas Sönam Tobgye     

12 Mar 1747 - 11 Nov 1750 Gyurme Namgyle

Dalai Lamas 1447 - 1474 dge-dun-grub Gendun Drup I 1492 - 1542 dge-dun-rgya-mtsho Gedun Gyatso II 1578 - 1588 bsod-nams-rgya-mtsho Sonam Gyatso III 1601 - 1617 yon-tan-rgya-mtsho Yonten Gyatso IV 1642 - 1682 blo-bzang-rgya-mtsho Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso V 08 Dec 1697 - 27 Jun 1706 Rin-chen-blo-bzong-rig-'dzins-

                          tshangs-dbyangs rgya-mtsho
                           Tsang Yang Gyatso VI ............... 1683-1706

16 Oct 1720 - 22 Mar 1757 rGyal-dbang-blo-bzang-bskal-

                          bzang-rgya-mtsho Kensang Gyatso VII . 1708-1757

28 Aug 1762 - 19 Nov 1804 Blo-bzang-'jam-dpal-rgya-mtsho

                          Jampel Gyatso VIII .................. 1758-1804

05 Mar 1808 - 26 Mar 1815 Blo-bzang-lung-rtongs-rgya-mtsho

                          Luntok Gyatso IX .................... 1806-1815

06 Feb 1822 - 30 Sep 1837 Blo-bzang-tshul-khrims-rgya-mtsho

                          Tshultrim Gyatso X .................. 1816-1837

29 Sep 1841 - 31 Jan 1856 Blo-bzang-mkhas'grub-rgya-mtsho

                          Khendrup Gyatso XI .................. 1838-1856

26 Feb 1858 - 25 Apr 1875 Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-'phrin-las-

                          rgya-mtsho Trinel Gyatso XII ........ 1856-1875     

12 Feb 1878 - 17 Dec 1933 Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-'phrin-las-

                          rgya-mtsho Thupten Gyatso XIII ...... 1876-1933

25 Aug 1939 - 31 Mar 1959 rJe-btsun-'Jam-dpal-ngag-dbang-

                          blo-bzang-ye-shes-bstan'dzin-
                           rgya-mtsho Tenzin Gyatso XIV ....... 1935-

Regents

      1642 -  5 Apr 1658 sDe-srid bSod nams-chos-phel 
                         (Sönam Chöphel)

19 Aug 1660 - 30 Mar 1668 gRong-smad Paphri-las-rgya-mtsho

                         (Thrinle Gyatso)

26 Sep 1669 - Mar 1675 sDe-srid Blo-bzang-mthu-stobs

                         (Lobsang Thutob)

16 Oct 1675 - 21 Jun 1679 sDe-srid Blo-bzang-sbyin-pa

                         (Lobsang Chinpa)

14 Jul 1679 - 1703 sDe-srid sangs rgyas-rgya-mtsho

                          (Sanggye Gyatso)

1703 - 1706 sDe-srid Ngag-dbang Rin-chen

                           (Ngawang Rinchen) 
  Nov 1750 - 23 Apr 1751 dGa-bzhi Pandita (acting) 

23 Apr 1751 - 29 Apr 1757 Vacant 29 Apr 1757 - 01 Mar 1777 de-mo qutuqtu

                         (Demo Trulku Jampel Delek) 

17 Aug 1777 - 22 Jul 1781 Nag-dban-ts'ul-krims (1st time)

                         (Tsemoling Ngawang Tsultrim)  

26 May 1789 - 28 Sep 1790 Ye-ses-blo-bzan-bstanpa'i-mong-po

                         (Tenpai Gonpo Kindeling; 1st Time)

13 Jan - 29 Apr 1791 Nag-dban-ts'ul-krims (2nd time) 05 Sep 1791 - 1810 Ye-ses-blo-bzan-bstanpa'i-mong-po

                         (2nd time) 

09 Apr 1811 - 28 Mar 1819 Dde-mo blo-bzan-bstan-jigs-med-

                          rgya-mts'o (Demo Thubten Jigme) 

30 Mar 1819 - 18 Sep 1844 Nag-dban-'jam-dpal-ts'ul-k'rims

                         (Jampel Tsultrim Tsemoling) 
      1844 -    May 1845 Blo-bzang-bstan-pa'i-nyi-ma 
                         (Tenpai Nyima; 7th Panchen Lama) 

31 May 1845 - 01 Mar 1855 Nag-dban-ye-ses ts'ul-k'rims-

                          rgyal-mts'an (1st time) 

1856 - 1862 Nag-dban-ye-ses ts'ul-k'rims-

                          rgyal-mts'an (2nd time) 
  Jul 1862 - 25 Sep 1864 bSad-sgra-dban-p'yug-rgyal-po 
                         (Wangchuck Gyalpo Shatra) 

28 Oct 1864 - 19 Oct 1872 blo-bzan-nk'yen-rab-dban-p'yug

                         (Khenrab Wangchuk Dedrug) 

19 Oct 1872 - 08 Nov 1875 Vacant 08 Nov 1875 - 11 May 1886 Nag-dban-dpal-ldan-c'os-kyi-rgyal-

                          mts'an (Choskyi Gyaltsen Kundeling) 

14 Jun 1886 - 26 Sep 1895 Nag-dban-blo-bzan-p'rin-las-rab-

                          rgyas (Demo Trinley Rabgyas) 

1895 - 1913 Ganden Tripa Isomolin Rimpoch'e 17 Dec 1933 - Feb 1941 T'ub-bstan-'jam-dpal-ye-ses-

                          rgyal-mts'an (Jampal Yeshe) 
  Feb 1941 - 17 Nov 1950 Nag-dban-gsun-rab-grub-t'ob-bstan-
                          pa'i-rgyal-mts'an
                          (Tatkra Rimpoche Ngawang Sungrab)

Prime Ministers 1721 - 1727 K'an-c'en-nas bSod-nams-rgyal-po 1727 - 1862 The Dalai Lama's 1862 - 1864 bSad-sgra dBan-p'yug rGyal-po

                         (Wangchuck Gyalpo Shatra)

1864 - 1907 Post abolished 1907 - 1920 Changkhyim 1907 - 1923 Paljor Dorje Shatra 1907 - 1926 Sholkhang 1926 - 1940 Silong Yakkyi Langdun 17 Nov 1950 - 23 May 1951 Lozang Tashi


Panchen Lamas 1385 - 1438 Khendup Gelek Pal Sangpo I 1439 - 1504 Sonam Choklang II 1505 - 1564 Wensa Lobsang Dhondup III 1570 - 1662 Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen IV 1663 - 1737 Lobsang Yeshi V 1739 - 1780 Palden Yeshi VI 1782 - 1854 Lobzang Tenpai Nyima VII 1855 - 1882 Tenpe Wangchuk VIII 1883 - 1937 Erdeni Choskyi Nyma IX 03 Jun 1949 - Dec 1964 Lobsang Trinley Choekyi Gyaltsen X

                         (1st Time)
      1982 - 28 Jan 1989 Lobsang Trinley Choekyi Gyaltsen X 
                         (2nd Time)

14 May 1995 - Gedhun Choekyi Nyima XI .............. 1989-

                         (Chinese prisoner)

08 Dec 1995 - Gyancain Norbu ....................... 1990-

                         (Chinese alternitive)

Karmapa Lamas 1110 - 1193 Dusum Khyenpa I 1204 - 1283 Karma Pakshi II 1284 - 1339 Rangjung Dorje III 1340 - 1383 Rolpe Dorje IV 1384 - 1415 Deshin Shekpa V 1416 - 1453 Thongwa Donden VI 1454 - 1506 Chodrak Gyatso VII 1507 - 1554 Mikyo Dorje VIII 1556 - 1603 Wangchuk Dorje IX 1604 - 1674 Choying Dorje X 1676 - 1702 Yeshe Dorje XI 1703 - 1732 Changchub Dorje XII 1733 - 1797 Dudul Dorje XIII 1798 - 1868 Thekchok Dorje XIV 1871 - 1922 Khakyab Dorje XV

      1925 -    Feb 1959 Rangjung Rigpe Dorje XVI ................ 1924-1981
                         (In exile in India then US)

30 Jun 1992 - Ogyen Trinley Dorje XVI ................. 1985-

                         (In India exile from 05 Jan 2000)
      1994 -             Trinle Thaye Dorje
                         (Dissputed)