"Монголын Ардын арми"-ны өөр хувилбарууд

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One of the first actions of the new [[Mongolian People's Party|Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party]] authorities was the creation of a native [[communist]] army in 1920 under the leadership of adept cavalry commander [[Damdin Sükhbaatar]] in order to fight against [[Russia]]n troops from the [[White movement]] and [[Occupation of Mongolia|Chinese forces]]. The MPRP was aided by the [[Russian SFSR]] [[Red Army]], which helped to secure the [[Mongolian People's Republic]] and remained in its territory until at least 1925.
 
==1930-аад оны үйл ажиллагаанууд==
==1930s conflicts==
Initially during the native revolts of the early 1930s and the [[Japanese Empire|Japanese]] border probes beginning in the mid-1930s, Soviet Red Army troops in Mongolia amounted to little more than instructors for the native army and as guards for diplomatic and trading installations.
 
However in the 1939 [[Battles of Khalkhin Gol]] (or Nomonhan) heavily armed [[Red Army]] forces under [[Georgy Zhukov]] assisted by Mongolian troops under [[Khorloogiin Choibalsan]] decisively defeated [[Imperial Japanese Army]] forces under [[Michitarō Komatsubara]].
 
[[File:Khalkhin Gol George Zhukov and Khorloogiin Choibalsan 1939.jpg|thumb|right|200px|[[GeorgyГеоргий ZhukovЖуков]] andба [[KhorloogiinХорлоогийн ChoibalsanЧойбалсан]] (right) consult during theнар [[BattleХалхын ofголын Khalkhin Golбайлдаан]]ы үед]]
 
==Хүйтэн дайны үед==
==Cold war era==
{{Гол|Зөвлөлт-Хятадын хагарал}}
{{Main|Sino-Soviet split}}
 
During the [[Pei-ta-shan Incident]], elite [[Qinghai]] Chinese Muslim cavalry were sent by the Chinese [[Kuomintang]] to destroy the Mongols and the Russians in 1947.<ref>{{cite book|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=warlords+and+muslims&source=bl&ots=KzhMe1dpqU&sig=YUq2zwbyUFNCsO5Jnt2RTAKL0rc&hl=en&ei=SdobTNyIEYO8lQfuvYm1Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBgQ6AEwAQ#v=snippet&q=elite%20tungan%20cavalry%20incident&f=false|title=Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949|author=Andrew D. W. Forbes|year=1986|publisher=CUP Archive|location=Cambridge, England|isbn=0-521-25514-7|page=214|accessdate=2010-06-28}}</ref>
[[File:50 years of the Mongolian People's Army.jpg|right|thumb|200px|50 years of the Mongolian People's Army]]
 
==Улс төрийн номлол==
==Political indoctrination==
The central Political Administration Unit was established in the army in 1921 to supervise the work of political commissars ([[Politruk]]) and party cells in all army units and to provide a political link with the Central Committee of the [[Mongolian People's Party|MPRP]] in the army. The unit served to raise morale and to prevent enemy political propaganda. Up to one third of army units were members of the party and others were in the [[Mongolian Revolutionary Youth League]].
 
The Red Mongol Army received sixty percent of the government budget in early years and it to expanded from 2,560 men in 1923 to 4,000 in 1924 and to 7,000 in 1927. The native armed forces stayed linked to [[Soviet Red Army]] intelligence groups and [[NKVD]], Mongolian [[secret police]], and [[Buryats|Buryat]] Mongol [[Comintern]] agents acted as administrators and represented the real power in the country albeit under direct Soviet guidance.
 
==Бэлтгэл сургалт==
==Training==
By 1926 the government planned to train 10,000 conscripts annually and to increase the training period to six months. Chinese intelligence reports in 1927 indicated that between 40,000 and 50,000 reservists could be mustered at short notice. In 1929 a general mobilization was called to test the training and reserve system. The expected turnout was to have been 30,000 troops but only 2,000 men presented. This failure initiated serious reforms in recruiting and training systems.
 
==Хүчин чадал==
==Strength==
In 1921-1927 the land forces, almost exclusively [[Cavalry|horsemen]], numbered about 17,000 mounted troops and boasted more than 200 heavy [[machine gun]]s, 50 mountain [[howitzer]]s, 30 [[field gun]]s, seven [[Armored car (military)|armored car]]s, and a maximum of up to 20 light [[tank]]s.
 
== Үндсэн нэгжүүд ба моторжуулалт ==
== Basic units and motorization ==
 
The basic unit was the 2,000-man cavalry [[regiment]] consisting of three
[[Squadron (army)|squadron]]s. Each 600-plus-man squadron was divided into five companies,
a machine gun company, and an [[Civil engineering|engineer]] unit. Cavalry regiments were organized into larger units--[[brigades]] or [[division (military)|division]]s—which included [[artillery]] and service support units. The chief advantage of this force was mobility over the great distances in Mongolia: small units were able to cover more than 160&nbsp;km in 24 hours.
[[File:Battle of Khalkhin Gol-Mongolian cavalry.jpg|right|thumb|200px|MongolianМонголыэ cavalryморин inцэрэг theхалхын Khalkhin Golголд (1939 он)]]
Монголын Ардыэ армийн дивизүүд ба бусад нэгжүүд
List of Mongolian Army division and other units
 
* 1st Cavalry Division
* 2nd Cavalry Division
* Chemical defence-engineering regiment
 
==Армийн зэрэг цол==
==Army rank and insignia==
*Enlisted
Private (PVT)
2,543

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