Шошлой

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Шошлой
Олон наст шошлой (Lupinus perennis)
Биологийн ангилал
Аймаг: Ургамал
(зэрэглэлгүй) Эвдикот
(зэрэглэлгүй) Розид
Баг: Цэцэгт буурцагтан
Овог: Буурцагтан
Дэд бүл: Шошлойтон
Төрөл: Шошлой
L.
Зүйлүүдийн ангилал
Цагаан шошлой (Lupinus albus) L.
Дэд төрөл
  • Lupinus
  • Platycarpos (S.Wats) Kurl.


Шошлой (лат. Lupinus) нь 200 гаруй зүйл цэцэгт ургамлыг багтаасан буурцагтны овгийн нэгэн төрөл. Гарал үүслийн төв нь Хойд болон Өмнөд Америк.[1] Үүслийн жижиг төвүүдэд Хойд Африк, Газрын дундадын бассейн багтана.[1][2] Шошлойн зүйлүүд нь хүнсний ба гоёл чимэглэлийн зориулалттайгаар тариалагдаж ирсэн. Шошлойн зарим зүйлүүд сүүлийн жилүүдэд ногоон бордуур ба бүрхүүл ургамлын зориулалтаар амжилттай тариалагдаж байгаа.

Ангилал[засварлах | edit source]

Шошлой төрлийг, хэсэгчлэн түүний Хойд Америкийн зүйлүүдийг Серено Ватсон (1873) гурван дэд төрөлд хуваасан: Lupinus, Platycarpos, Lupinnelus.

Platycarpos дэд төрөл[засварлах | edit source]

Lupinus дэд төрөл[засварлах | edit source]

Хуучин ертөнцийн шошлой
Цагаан шошлойн цэцэг
Биологийн ангилал
Аймаг: Ургамал
(зэрэглэлгүй) Эвдикот
(зэрэглэлгүй) Розид
Баг: Цэцэгт буурцагтан
Овог: Буурцагтан
Дэд овог: Цэцэгт буурцагтан
Бүл: Genisteae
Төрөл: Шошлой
Дэд төрөл: Lupinus
S.Wats.
Зүйлүүдийн ангилал
Цагаан шошлой L.
Зүйлүүд

12.

Ижил утгатай нэршил
  • Eulupinus Aschers. & Graebn. 1907
  • Lupinus albus L. 1753Цагаан шошлой
    • subsp. albus L.
    • subsp. graecus (Boiss. & Spruner) Franco & P.Silva
    • subsp. termis (Forsk.) Ponert.
  • Lupinus angustifolius L. 1753 – Хөх шошлой, нарийн навчит шошлой
    • var. angustifolius L.
    • var. albopunctatus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. griseomaculatus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. chalybens Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. corylinus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. purpureus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. rubidus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. atabekovae Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. sparsiusculus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. brunneus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. albosyringeus Taran.
    • var. albidus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. candidus Kuptzov. et Kurl.
  • Lupinus atlanticus Gladstones 1974
  • Lupinus cosentinii Guss. 1828 – sandplain lupin
  • Lupinus digitatus Forsk. 1775[32]
  • Lupinus hispanicus Boiss. & Reut. 1842
    • subsp. bicolor (Merino) Gladst.
    • subsp. hispanicus Boiss. & Reut.
  • Lupinus luteus L. 1753 – Шар шошлой
    • var. luteus L.
    • var. maculosus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. kazimierskii Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. arcellus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. sempolovskii (Atab) Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. melanospermus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. niger Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. cremeus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. leucospermus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. sulphureus (Atab.) Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. stepanovae Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. ochroleucus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. aurantiacus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. croceus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. aureus Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. albicans Kurl. et Stankev.
    • var. sinskayae Kurl. et Stankev.
  • Lupinus micranthus Guss. 1828
  • Lupinus palaestinus Boiss. 1849 – Цагаан саарал шошлой
  • Lupinus pilosus Murr. 1774 – Цэнхэр шошлой
  • Lupinus princei Harms 1901
  • Lupinus somaliensis Baker f. 1895

Тодорхой бус статустай зүйлүүд[засварлах | edit source]

Ангилагдаагүй байгаа зүйлүүд:[33]

  • Lupinus acaulis Larrañaga
  • Lupinus achilleaphilus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus acutilobus A.Heller
  • Lupinus aegr-Aovium C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus africanus Lour.
  • Lupinus agninus Gand.
  • Lupinus agropyrophilus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus alaimandus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus albicaulis Douglas ex Hook.
  • Lupinus alicanescens C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus aliclementinus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus aliumbellatus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus altissimus Sessé & Moc.
  • Lupinus alturasensis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus alveorum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus amabilis A.Heller
  • Lupinus amniculi-cervi C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus amniculi-salicis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus amniculi-vulpum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus andersonianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus anemophilus Greene
  • Lupinus angustifolius Blanco
  • Lupinus aphronorus Blank.
  • Lupinus apodotropis A.Heller
  • Lupinus aralloius C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus arborescens Amabekova & Maisuran
  • Lupinus arceuthinus Greene
  • Lupinus argyraeus DC.
  • Lupinus atacamicus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus aureus J.Agardh
  • Lupinus axillaris Blank.
  • Lupinus barkeriae Knowles & Westc.
  • Lupinus bartolomei M.E.Jones
  • Lupinus bassett-maguirei C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus beaneanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus biddleii L.F.Hend.
  • Lupinus bimaculatus Hook. ex D.Don
  • Lupinus bimaculatus Desr.
  • Lupinus bivonii C.Presl
  • Lupinus blankinshipii A.Heller
  • Lupinus blaschkeanus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Lupinus brevior (Jeps.) J.A. Christian & D.B. Dunn
  • Lupinus brittonii Abrams
  • Lupinus caespitosus Nutt.
  • Lupinus californicus K.Koch
  • Lupinus campbelliae Eastw.
  • Lupinus campestris Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Lupinus campestris-florum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus candicans Rydb.
  • Lupinus canus Hemsl.
  • Lupinus capitatus Greene
  • Lupinus capitis-amniculi C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus carolus-bucarii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus chachas Ochoa ex C. P. Smith
  • Lupinus chamissonis Eschscholtz
  • Lupinus chiapensis Rose
  • Lupinus chihuahuensis S.Watson
  • Lupinus christianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus chrysomelas Casar.
  • Lupinus clementinus Greene
  • Lupinus comatus Rydb.
  • Lupinus consentinii Walp.
  • Lupinus cymb-Aegressus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus dasyphyllus Greene
  • Lupinus davisianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus debilis Eastw.
  • Lupinus decaschistus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus diaboli-septem C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus dichrous Greene
  • Lupinus dispersus A.Heller
  • Lupinus dissimulans C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus durangensis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus eatonanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus equi-coeli C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus equi-collis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus erectus L.F.Hend.
  • Lupinus erminens S.Watson
  • Lupinus ermineus S.Watson
  • Lupinus falcifer Nutt.
  • Lupinus falsoerectus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus falsoformosus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus falsograyi C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus fieldii Rose ex J. F. Macbr.
  • Lupinus filicaulis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus finitus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus flavescens Rydb.
  • Lupinus foliosus Hook.
  • Lupinus foliosus Nutt.
  • Lupinus forskahlei Boiss.
  • Lupinus franciscanus Greene
  • Lupinus fraxinetorum Greene
  • Lupinus fruticosus Steud.
  • Lupinus fruticosus Dum.Cours.
  • Lupinus garcianus Bennett & Dunn
  • Lupinus geophilus Rose
  • Lupinus geraniophilus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus glabellus M.Martens & Galeotti
  • Lupinus graciliflorus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus gratus Greene
  • Lupinus gredensis Gand.
  • Lupinus guadalupensis Greene
  • Lupinus guadiloupensis Steud.
  • Lupinus guatimalensis auct.
  • Lupinus gussoneanus J.Agardh
  • Lupinus habrocomus Greene
  • Lupinus haudcytisoides C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus helleri Greene
  • Lupinus hexaedrus E. Fourn.
  • Lupinus hintonii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus huigrensis Rose ex C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus humicolus A.Nelson
  • Lupinus humifusus Benth.
  • Lupinus humilis Rose ex Pittier
  • Lupinus hyacinthinus Greene
  • Lupinus idoneus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus inamoenus Greene ex C.F.Baker
  • Lupinus indutus Greene ex C.F.Baker
  • Lupinus insignis Glaz. ex C. P. Smith
  • Lupinus integrifolius L.
  • Lupinus intergrifolius Desr.
  • Lupinus ione-grisetae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus ione-walkerae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus jamesonianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus javanicus Burm.f.
  • Lupinus jorgensenanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus jucundus Greene
  • Lupinus kellerrnanianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus kyleanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus labiatus Nutt.
  • Lupinus lacticolor Tamayo
  • Lupinus lacus-huntingtonii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus lacuum-trinitatum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus larsonanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus lassenensis Eastw.
  • Lupinus latissimus Greene
  • Lupinus laxifolius A.Gray
  • Lupinus leptostachyus Greene
  • Lupinus lesueurii Standl.
  • Lupinus linearifolius Larrañaga
  • Lupinus lingulae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus longilabrum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus lorentzianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus louise-bucariae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus louise-grisetae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus lucidus Benth. ex Loudon
  • Lupinus lyman-bensonii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus lysichitophilus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus macrocarpus Hook. & Arn.
  • Lupinus macrocarpus Torr.
  • Lupinus macrophyllus Benth.
  • Lupinus macrorhizos Georgi
  • Lupinus magnistipulatus Planchuelo & Dunn
  • Lupinus maissurianii Atabek. & Polukhina
  • Lupinus marcusianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus mariae-josephae H.Pascual
  • Lupinus markleanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus marschallianus Sweet
  • Lupinus mearnsii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus meli-campestris C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus meridanus Moritz ex C. P. Smith
  • Lupinus mexiae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus micensis M.E.Jones
  • Lupinus micheneri Greene
  • Lupinus milleri J.Agardh
  • Lupinus minearanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus minutissimus Tamayo
  • Lupinus molle A.Heller
  • Lupinus mollissifolius Davidson
  • Lupinus monettianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus muellerianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus multicincinnis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus neglectus Rose
  • Lupinus nemoralis Greene
  • Lupinus niger Wehmer
  • Lupinus noldekae Eastw.
  • Lupinus nutcanus Spreng.
  • Lupinus nutkatensis J.G.Cooper
  • Lupinus obtunsus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus octablomus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus opsianthus Amabekova & Maisuran
  • Lupinus pavonum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus pendeltonii A.Heller
  • Lupinus pendletonii A.Heller
  • Lupinus perconfertus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus perplexus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus philistaeus Boiss.
  • Lupinus pinus-contortae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus piperi B.L.Rob. ex Piper
  • Lupinus piperitus Davidson
  • Lupinus platanophilus M.E.Jones
  • Lupinus plebeius Greene ex C.F.Baker
  • Lupinus prato-lacuum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus prolifer Desr.
  • Lupinus propinquus Greene
  • Lupinus proteanus Eastw.
  • Lupinus psoraleoides Pollard
  • Lupinus pumviridis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus puroviridis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus purpurascens A.Heller
  • Lupinus pygmaeus Tamayo
  • Lupinus quercus-jugi C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus quercuum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus rainierensis Eastw.
  • Lupinus regius Rudolph ex Torr. & A.Gray
  • Lupinus rhodanthus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus rickeri C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus rivetianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus rydbergii Blank.
  • Lupinus sabuli C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus salicisocius C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus salinensis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus sativus Gaterau
  • Lupinus scaposus Rydb.
  • Lupinus scheuberae Rydb.
  • Lupinus schickendantzii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus schiedeanus Steud.
  • Lupinus schumannii C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus seclusus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus semiaequus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus semiverticillatus Desr.
  • Lupinus sergenti Tamayo ex Pittier
  • Lupinus sergentii Tamayo
  • Lupinus serradentum C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus shrevei C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus sierrae-zentae C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus sileri S.Watson
  • Lupinus sinus-meyersii C.P. Sm.
  • Lupinus sparhawkianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus spatulata Larrañaga
  • Lupinus speciosus Voss
  • Lupinus spruceanus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus standleyensis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus stationis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus stiveri Kellogg
  • Lupinus stoloniferus L.
  • Lupinus strigulosus Gand.
  • Lupinus subhirsutus Davidson
  • Lupinus subvolutus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus suksdorfii B.L. Rob. ex Piper
  • Lupinus summersianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus sylvaticus Hemsl.
  • Lupinus thermis Gasp.
  • Lupinus thermus St.-Lag.
  • Lupinus tilcaricus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus timotensis Tamayo
  • Lupinus tricolor Greene
  • Lupinus tricolor G.Nicholson
  • Lupinus trifidus Torr. ex S.Watson
  • Lupinus tristis Sweet
  • Lupinus trochophyllus Hoffmanns.
  • Lupinus tuckeranus C.P. Sm.
  • Lupinus vaginans Benth.
  • Lupinus valdepallidus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus vandykeae Eastw.
  • Lupinus variegatus A.Heller
  • Lupinus variegatus Poir.
  • Lupinus varneranus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus vavilovii Atabekova & Maissurjan
  • Lupinus venustus Bailly
  • Lupinus violaceus A.Heller
  • Lupinus viridicalyx C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus volcanicus Greene
  • Lupinus watsonii A.Heller
  • Lupinus westiana Small
  • Lupinus wolfianus C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus yanlyensis C.P.Sm.
  • Lupinus yaruahensis C.P.Sm.

Гибридүүд[засварлах | edit source]

Мэдэгдэж буй гибридүүд:[33]

  • Lupinus ×alpestris (A. Nelson) D.B. Dunn & J.M. Gillett
  • Lupinus ×hispanicoluteus W.Święcicki & W.K.Święcicki
  • Lupinus ×hybridus Lem.
  • Lupinus ×insignis Lem.
  • Lupinus ×regalis (auct.) Bergmans - Солонгон шошлой (Lupinus arboreus × Lupinus polyphyllus)
  • Lupinus ×versicolor Caball.

Эх сурвалж[засварлах | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Drummond, C. S., et al. (2012). Multiple continental radiations and correlates of diversification in Lupinus (Leguminosae): Testing for key innovation with incomplete taxon sampling. Systematic Biology 61(3) 443-60.
  2. Aïnouche, A. K. and R. J. Bayer. (1999). Phylogenetic relationships in Lupinus (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. American Journal of Botany 86(4), 590-607.
  3. Some sources treat Lupinus alpestris as a synonym of Lupinus argenteus.
  4. Some sources treat Lupinus aridorum as a synonym of Lupinus westianus.
  5. Some sources treat Lupinus aridus as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  6. Some sources treat Lupinus attenuatus as a synonym of Lupinus coriaceus.
  7. Some sources treat Lupinus brevicaulis as a synonym of Lupinus grisebachianus.
  8. Some sources treat Lupinus burkei as a synonym of Lupinus polyphyllus.
  9. Some sources treat Lupinus caespitosus as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  10. Some sources treat Lupinus confertus as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  11. Some sources treat Lupinus crassus as a synonym of Lupinus ammophilus.
  12. Some sources treat Lupinus cumulicola as a synonym of Lupinus diffusus.
  13. Some sources treat Lupinus densiflorus as a synonym of Lupinus microcarpus.
  14. Some sources treat Lupinus depressus as a synonym of Lupinus argenteus.
  15. Some sources treat Lupinus hartwegii as a synonym of Lupinus mexicanus.
  16. Some sources treat Lupinus heptaphyllus as a synonym of Lupinus gibertianus.
  17. Some sources treat Lupinus hilarianus as a synonym of Lupinus gibertianus.
  18. Some sources treat Lupinus hillii as a synonym of Lupinus argenteus.
  19. Some sources treat Lupinus luteolus as a synonym of Lupinus luteus.
  20. Some sources treat Lupinus lyallii as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  21. Some sources treat Lupinus matucanicus as a synonym of Lupinus lindleyanus.
  22. Some sources treat Lupinus minimus as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  23. Some sources treat Lupinus montigenus as a synonym of Lupinus argenteus.
  24. Some sources treat Lupinus oreganus as a synonym of Lupinus sulphureus.
  25. Some sources treat Lupinus ornatus as a synonym of Lupinus sericeus.
  26. Some sources treat Lupinus polycarpus as a synonym of Lupinus bicolor.
  27. Some sources treat Lupinus pratensis as a synonym of Lupinus confertus.
  28. Some sources treat Lupinus prunophilus as a synonym of Lupinus polyphyllus.
  29. Some sources treat Lupinus ruber as a synonym of Lupinus microcarpus.
  30. Some sources treat Lupinus sellulus as a synonym of Lupinus lepidus.
  31. Some sources treat Lupinus subvexus as a synonym of Lupinus microcarpus.
  32. Some sources treat Lupinus digitatus as a synonym of Lupinus cosentinii.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PlantList

Ном зохиол[засварлах | edit source]

  • Eastwood, R. J., et al. 2008. Diversity and evolutionary history of lupins—insights from new phylogenies. pp. 346–54, In: Palta, J. A. and J. B. Burger. (Eds.) Lupins for Health & Wealth. Proceedings 12th International Lupin Conference, Fremantle, Australia; International Lupin Association, Canterbury, New Zealand.
  • Putnam, D. H., et al. Lupine. Alternative Field Crops Manual. University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin Extension. 1997.
  • Zhukovsky, P.M. 1929. A contribution to the knowledge of genus Lupinus Tourn. Bull. Apll. Bot. Gen. Pl.-Breed., Leningrad-Moscow, XXI, I:16-294.
  • Kurlovich, B.S. 1989. On the centers of species formation of the genus Lupinus L. (in Russian). Bull.N.I. Vavilov Inst. of plant Industry. Leningrad, 193:20-24.
  • Kurlovich, B.S., Rep’ev, S.I., Shchelko, L.G., Budanova, V.I., Petrova, M.V., Buravtseva, T.V., Stankevich, A.K., Kartuzova, L.T., Alexandrova, T.G., Teplyakova and T.E., Malysh, L.K. 1995. Theoretical basis of plant breeding. Vol.111. The gene bank and breeding of grain legumes (lupine, vetch, soya, and bean), St.Petersburg, VIR, 438p.
  • Kurlovich, B.S.(Ed.). 2002. Lupins. Geography, Classification, Genetic Resources and Breeding. "Intan", 468p.

Гадны холбоос[засварлах | edit source]

 Commons: Lupinus – Викимедиа зураг, бичлэг, дууны сан
Викизүйлд Шошлой-тай холбоотой мэдээлэл байна.